4:2 1 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not … After due and diligent labour, sweet and satisfying rest shall follow; and labour now, will make that rest more pleasant when it comes. The two ideas of "rest" combined, give the perfect view of the heavenly Sabbath. John Piper Sep 1, 1996 552 Shares Article. When we come, we may obtain mercy (this is not getting what we deserve) and find grace (this is getting what we don’t deserve) in our time of need. (Philippians 4:6), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. (Hebrews 4 Commentary) Faith is relying on what God has done rather than on one’s own efforts. 13. creature--visible or invisible. An entire generation of Israel lost out on their inheritance of the Promised Land due to a lack of faith. into rest--Greek, "into the rest" which is promised in the ninety-fifth Psalm. Moses, the representative of the law, could not lead Israel into Canaan: the law leads us to Christ, and there its office ceases, as that of Moses on the borders of Canaan: it is Jesus, the antitype of Joshua, who leads us into the heavenly rest. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. In Hebrews 4:1 we are given the first hint that the promise of rest given to Israel envisaged more than entering the Promised land. should seem to come short of it--Greek, "to have come short of it"; should be found, when the great trial of all shall take place [ALFORD], to have fallen short of attaining the promise. The Epistle to the Hebrews INSTRUCTION Hebrews 1-10:18 EXHORTATION Hebrews 10:19-13:25 Superior Person of Christ Hebrews 1:1-4:13 Superior Priest in Christ Hebrews 4:14-10:18 My personal favorite phrase in Hebrews is "He is able" - Meditate on Hebrews 2:18 and Hebrews 7:25 to see what Your Great High Priest is able to accomplish for you, dear child of God! In what follows the author seems to live in the world of the Old Testament rather than his own. . The opening affirmation in verse 1 that God spoke through the prophets is important. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. in his sight--in God's sight ( Hebrews 4:12 ). his rest--God's rest: the rest prepared by God for His people [ESTIUS]. great--as being "the Son of God, higher than the heavens" ( Hebrews 7:26 ): the archetype and antitype of the legal high priest. Hebrews 1:4 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Hebrews 1:4, NIV: "So he became as much superior to the angels as the name he has inherited is superior to theirs. Hebrews 4:1-10 Hebrews 4 shows a connection between God's rest on the Sabbath day during the creation week and the thousand-year reign of Christ, commonly called the "Millennium." Since so many have fallen, we have cause to fear ( Hebrews 3:17-19 ). It is, he says, a promise which still stands that is, was not satisfied by entering Canaan, but still exists at the time of his writing. Chapter Contents The office and duty of a high priest abundantly answered in Christ. 1 * Since the law has only a shadow of the good things to come, * and not the very image of them, it can never make perfect those who come to worship by the same sacrifices that they offer continually each year. 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. You can also change some of your preferences. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. fear--not with slavish terror, but godly "fear and trembling" ( Philippians 2:12 ). quick--Greek, "living"; having living power, as "the rod of the mouth and the breath of the lips" of "the living God." mercy--"Compassion," by its derivation (literally, fellow feeling from community of suffering), corresponds to the character of our High Priest "touched with the feeling of our infirmities" ( Hebrews 4:15 ). ... Scripture: Hebrews 4:1–11. Here Paul interrupts the quotation by, "In (the Psalm of) David saying after so long a time (after five hundred years' possession of Canaan)," and resumes it by, "as it has been said before (so the Greek oldest manuscript, before, namely, Hebrews 3:7 Hebrews 3:15 ), To-day if ye hear His voice," &c. [ALFORD]. God wishes not His rest to be empty, but furnished with guests ( Luke 14:23 ). The less prominent place of the "fall" in the Greek favors this. Hebrews 4:8 - For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. his rest--God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. Hence Moses records the end of each of the first six days, but not of the seventh. 15. Thus chapter 3 to chapter 4 is a poor chapter division. On one throne He showed judgment and on the other throne mercy. Christ "knows what is in man" ( John 2:25 ): so His word reaches as far as to the most intimate and accurate knowledge of man's most hidden parts, feelings, and thoughts, dividing, that is, distinguishing what is spiritual from what is carnal and animal in him, the spirit from the soul: so Proverbs 20:27 . 5. in this place -- in this passage of the Old Testament, faith rarely! Moses records the end of each of the thoughts -- Greek, capable... A poor chapter division you rest ( the rest is given in rest... 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