General Search for 'Romans 13:13,14' within 'New American Standard Version' on StudyLight.org The day is at hand - the full manifestation of the Sun of righteousness, in the illumination of the whole Gentile world approaches rapidly. In our own beloved America today, those people who are flirting with revolutionary schemes, if they should ever have their way, shall certainly overwhelm themselves and their posterity with sorrows, and far from attaining any worthy goals, will reap a gory harvest of tragedy and disappointment. Eutychus fell out the third-story window during one of Paul's sermons and was taken up for dead; but Paul said, "His life is in him." Not in rioting, and drunkenness - Μη κωμοις και μεθαις· Κωμος, rioting, according to Hesychius, signifies ασελγη ᾳσματα, πορνικα συμποσια, ῳδαι, unclean and dissolute songs, banquets, and such like. Elders sleep while error is advocated in the church. In Romans 13:4, διάκονος is used for minister. age does not need the old fashioned relics of barbarism, such as policemen and jails. Paul's revelation that the state is "ordained of God" and an effective instrument of the holy will is not a new doctrine invented by him to ease the Christian community through a difficult political period, but it is essential element of Jesus' teachings. Jesus' parable of the tares sown in the wheat emphasized that such a disaster took place "while men slept" (Matthew 13:24,25). But it has been asked: If the ruler be an immoral or profligate man, does he not prove himself thereby to be unworthy of his high office, and should he not be deposed? Home > Commentaries > People's New Testament > Romans > Chapter 7. This small tribute of praise to the character and conduct of the British king, and gratitude to God for such a governor, will not be suspected of sinister motive; as the object of it is, by an inscrutable providence, placed in a situation to which neither envy, flattery, nor even just praise can approach, and where the majesty of the man is placed in the most awful yet respectable ruins. The propriety of paying lawful tribute, Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7. Put ye on the Lord Jesus - This is in reference to what is said, Romans 13:13; : Let us put on decent garments - let us make a different profession, unite with other company, and maintain that profession by a suitable conduct. Had the state and its institutions been otherwise than "ordained of God," it is unthinkable that Christ would have borrowed such illustrations and made them analogies for the conveyance of eternal truth. God is the one who justifies; on StudyLight.org. See the doctrine on Romans 13:1. Even the discussion of gross sins was forbidden to Christians upon the ground that such guarding of the conversation "becometh saints" (Ephesians 5:3). Here are two powerful motives to prevent the infraction of the laws and to enforce obedience. Some of Jesus' parables had as their significant and active premises the institutions of government, as exemplified by the "king" who stood for God (Matthew 22:2), the legal contract of the householder who let out his vineyard, and even the "unrighteous judge" who granted the plea of the importunate widow, his unrighteousness in no way preventing his appearance in the parable as analogous with God! The "beseeching" attitude of the previous chapter gives way in this one to the majestic authority of the apostolic command which seems to say, "Make no mistake about it; this is an order! None ever cared as much as they; but, inspired men of God, they KNEW that extremist methods would have done no good, but would have, on the other hand, done much harm in the multiplication of human misery and sorrow. 7. There are other commands which spring out of the love of God, this dual direction of human obligation being demonstrated in the fact of there having been two tables of the Decalogue. Present-day lawgivers are not wiser than God who laid down such penalties and enforced them in the Old Testament dispensation. Implications of the Christian attitude toward the state are far-reaching and include the deduction that Christians may serve in military or political capacity, vote, and engage freely in the participation allowed and encouraged by the state itself, the only restriction being that conscience, being under God above all, should not be defiled. Christians should love one another, Romans 13:8-10. They ever stand, electric, upon the sacred page: Nearer than when we first believed ... is far from being a statement that it was, even at that time, "near" in the sense of soon. And wantonness - Ασελγειαις, All manner of uncleanness and sodomitical practices. A fire may sweep through the city, a revolution rage in the streets, or a tornado bear down upon him, but he knows it not. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Honour to whom honor - The word τιμην may here mean that outward respect which the principle reverence, from which it springs, will generally produce. [1] Sir Stanley Baldwin, Address: Truth and Politics, delivered at Edinburgh University, November 6,1925. Spiritually, some have sustained near-fatal injuries and continue in a state of sleep. Choose a verse from 'Romans 16' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org The great need of Paul's revelation of the proper Christian attitude toward the secular state derived from a number of very important considerations. If those called Christians at Rome were guilty of such acts, there could be no difference except in profession, between them and the most abominable of the heathens. Jesus Christ was not a revolutionary in any sense of that word today. The judicious commentator adds: "I cannot forbear observing the admirable skill and dexterity with which the apostle has handled the subject. "Some sleep ..." (1 Corinthians 11:30). That some laws were unjust was clear to all; but Paul sent a runaway slave back to his Christian master (Philemon 1:1:17), and provided specific instructions to both masters and slaves in his epistles to Ephesus and Colossae. In the New Testament, there was never any hint of Christians organizing any kind of campaign to change or nullify laws. He may be irregular in his own private life; he may be an immoral man, and disgrace himself by an improper conduct: but if he rule according to the law; if he make no attempt to change the constitution, nor break the compact between him and the people; there is, therefore, no legal ground of opposition to his civil authority, and every act against him is not only rebellion in the worst sense of the word, but is unlawful and absolutely sinful. Vice is discredited from the throne, and the profligate dare not hope for a place of trust and confidence, (however in other respects he may be qualified for it), because he is a vicious man. Thus, "day" in this passage, having reference to the same time, means "at the present time, in the gospel age.". We should stand in awe of those who wear the sword, and who are appointed to execute the laws of the land. 4. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient. There was a man who knew all the dangers, but slept anyway. It is, in a word, for the benefit of the community, and not for the aggrandizement of himself, that God has entrusted the supreme civil power to any man. And that, knowing the time - Dr. Taylor has given a judicious paraphrase of this and the following verses: "And all the duties of a virtuous and holy life we should the more carefully and zealously perform, considering the nature and shortness of the present season of life; which will convince us that it is now high time to rouse and shake off sleep, and apply with vigilance and vigor to the duties of our Christian life; for that eternal salvation, which is the object of our Christian faith and hope, and the great motive of our religion, is every day nearer to us than when we first entered into the profession of Christianity." And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to wake out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we first believed. Romans 6:14-20 The dispensation of grace freeth us from the dominion. Paul was saying that darkness was lifted a generation ago; the glorious daylight of the gospel is already shining. StudyLıght.org. Government is thus elevated into the sphere of religion. Some sleep the sleep of Eutychus, the sleep of the injured. He could always go out and "shake himself as at other times," so he thought and was therefore contemptuous of the danger. As noted above, Paul here adhered to the pattern of Jesus' summation of all the Decalogue under the two headings of love to God, and love to people (Matthew 22:34-40; Mark 12:29-31), the latter division being the one considered here. "The attentive reader will be pleased to see with what dexterity, truth, and gravity the apostle, in a small compass, affirms and explains the foundation, nature, ends, and just limits of the magistrate's authority, while he is pleading his cause, and teaching the subject the duty and obedience he owes to the civil government." Greathouse understood the first clause here as the negative statement of the first clause in Romans 13:7, thus referring it to the obligations of custom, tribute, honor, etc. Many today sleep like that. In addition you can use the Interlinear Bible and much more to enhance your understanding of God's word. Otherwise, the whole Christian movement might have been swallowed up in the overwhelming destruction of Israel, then impending, and so soon to be accomplished. Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due: custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor. The whole Jewish nation groaned under the yoke of Roman tyranny, longed to escape it, and had participated in a number of bloody insurrections against Roman authority. Romans 13, Geneva Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. To that affluent host of Christians in present-day America, let it be thundered that they must not now allow the submerged torrent of blood, lust, and anarchy to break through. Someone just went to sleep when he should have been on guard. Romans 13:13 Aramaic NT: Peshitta ܘܐܝܟ ܕܒܐܝܡܡܐ ܒܐܤܟܡܐ ܢܗܠܟ ܠܐ ܒܙܡܪܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܪܘܝܘܬܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܡܕܡܟܐ ܛܢܦܐ ܘܠܐ ܒܚܤܡܐ ܘܒܚܪܝܢܐ ܀ Additional Parallel Greek. It is a comment upon the effectiveness and success of the state as God's ordained institution that such a statement as this stands as truth. Bible Study Tools Language Tools Historical Writings Pastoral Resources Personal Resources Site Resources advertisement. As Moule said. Whosoever resisteth the power - Ὁ αντιτασσομενος, He who sets himself in order against this order of God; τῃ του Θεου διαταγῃ, and they who resist, οἱ ανθεστηκοτες, they who obstinately, and for no right reason, oppose the ruler, and strive to unsettle the constitution, and to bring about illegal changes. Writing to Timothy, in the last of his apostolic messages, Paul said. Christians should love one another, Romans 13:8-10. That the Jews were in general an uneasy and seditious people is clear enough from every part of their own history. They simply could not stand the strain and went to sleep. There has hardly been a state in history where the private exercise of Christian faith has been the object of governmental hatred and punishment. In that exceptional passage, Paul made the "whole armour" to be the truth, or the gospel of salvation. The problem of military service and participation as a soldier in any kind of a war is also related to the questions in focus here; and those desiring to know further scriptural teaching in that sector are referred to "The Ten Commandments, Yesterday and Today," chapter 8. Christ so mingled his prophecies of his final coming and of the coming destruction upon Jerusalem (Matthew 24) that it was nearly impossible to avoid thinking that the two events would occur simultaneously, instead of being separated by many centuries. A thousand examples from history could be brought forward to show what a disastrous thing sleep may be. Present-day Christians are the privileged heirs of the greatest earthly inheritance ever known in the history of the world, a fact that angers Satan. And what is this solemn doctrine? But to resume the subject, and conclude the argument: I wish particularly to show the utter unlawfulness of rebellion against a ruler, who, though he may be incorrect in his moral conduct, yet rules according to the laws; and the additional blessing of having a prince, who, while his political conduct is regulated by the principles of the constitution, has his heart and life regulated by the dictates of eternal truth, as contained in that revelation which came from God. [5] J. Barmby, The Pulpit Commentary (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. The manifestation of the Messiah is regularly termed by the ancient Jews יום yom, day, because previously to this all is night, Bereshith rabba sect. The state itself, no less than God's church, is a divine institution, existing by God's permission and authority, and absolutely necessary for the continuity of the race of people upon the earth; and it is the unqualified duty of the Christian to submit to it, except in whose situations where doing so would break the commandments of God. Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. They did not participate in the public festivals and ceremonies given over to the deification of the emperor, and might, therefore, have been suspect as enemies of the government. More might be justly said, but when I have mentioned all these things, (and I mention them with exultation; and with gratitude to God), I need scarcely add the venerable name of George the Third, king of Great Britain; as every reader will at once perceive that the description suits no potentate besides. Paul made this nice distinction by quoting only man-ward obligations in his next statement. Christ never led a riot, organized an underground, criticized the government, or took the part of the Jews against Rome. Aberrations may be catalogued and failures noted; but, in the principal part, and in the overwhelming number of examples afforded by history, Paul's language here must stand as unchallenged truth. This applies to all commandments of a social or man-ward nature. Choose a verse from 'Romans 3' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org As Christianity was then growing, and the powers of the world began to take notice of it, it was not unlikely that this letter might fall into the hands of the Roman magistrates. It is an awful thing to rebel, and the cases are extremely rare that can justify rebellion against the constituted authorities. Search Tools. Romans 4:24 and Romans 5:6; Romans 5:10-11. ζωοποιήσει. Romans 1:13 - I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. Let every soul be in subjection to the higher powers: for there is no power but of God; and the powers that be are ordained of God. Although it is true that his holy teachings had the profoundest influence upon the course of history, it was always as leaven and not as dynamite that his influence worked. This sense seems most suitable to the following verses, where the vices of the Gentiles are particularly specified; and they are exhorted to abandon them, and to receive the Gospel of Christ. Putting on , or being clothed with Jesus Christ, signifies receiving and believing the Gospel ; and consequently taking its maxims for the government of life, having the mind that was in Christ. To all such persons, the question of submission to a government like Rome Was the most burning question of the day. This is profoundly true and means that the first and uppermost concern of God is that human hearts should indeed overflow with love to mankind, such love making it impossible that specific evil deeds in the social spectrum could be committed. Thus, it might be concluded that he was merely unconscious due to the fall. Saul was a good moral man, but a bad prince, because he endeavored to act contrary to the Israelitish constitution: he changed some essential parts of that constitution, as I have elsewhere shown; (see the note on Acts 13:22;); he was therefore lawfully deposed. Jesus Christ our Lord never disobeyed any law, nor did he ever advocate disobedience, or any other kind of disobedience. Paul had already mentioned (Romans 13:12) the new investiture of the Christian, calling it the armor of light; and here is a return to the same figure, only here it is Christ himself who is to be put on by the Christian. Home > Study Desk. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! This conduct justifies opposition to his government; but I contend that no personal misconduct in the ruler, no immorality in his own life, while he governs according to law, can justify either rebellion against him or contempt of his authority. Bad as they might be in private life, the constitution was in their hands ever considered a sacred deposit, and they faithfully preserved it, and transmitted it unimpaired to their successors; and took care while they held the reins of government to have it impartially and effectually administered. [2] H. C. G. Moule, The Epistle to the Romans (London: Pickering and Inglis), p. 254. 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