The objective for creating national parks was to allow access to the reserved areas as a part of ecotourism and cultural needs with full attention to the basic approach of conservation of natural environmental resources. Desafortunadamente, la pérdida de hábitat y la caza furtiva son problemas serios, sin mencionar el uso de animales en peligro para las medicinas tradicionales. Where to find them: Everywhere in Vietnam except the Mekong Delta. The largest and the most conspicuous find in recent years is of the plant species in the Halong Bay area known as Halong fan palm. [21] While many variety of animals have become extinct like the Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, the protection of large animals have been addressed. [19], According to the BirdLife International records of 2011, the avifauna recorded are of 889 species, which includes 18 endemic species, 44 globally threatened species and 6 introduced species. [4], The marine molluscan fauna of Vietnam includes numerous species of chitons, gastropods, tusk shells, cephalopods and bivalves. But now, the threat is of a more familiar form as people encroach. [6], While the national reserves cover small areas of scientific significance with restricted access, the national parks also cover wetlands of Ramsar designated areas and BirdLife International inscribed bird areas. These countries have tropical rainforests, bamboo groves and mangrove forests suited for it. Where to find them: Hilly, old-growth forests throughout Vietnam. They do well in the hot and humid climate of the area. [1][2] Conservation protection and scientific studies of the ecology of Vietnam, particularly in the protected forest areas, have been given priority attention by the Government of Vietnam. Where to find them: For your best chance, head to Đắk Lắk Province. To allow us to provide a better and more tailored experience please click "OK", Snub-Nosed Monkeys | © Danielinblue/WikiCommons, Pygmy Slow Loris at the Duke Lemur Center, use of endangered animals for traditional medicines. Commercially usable species are 352 species including 42 listed as precious tree species. They have commercial value both at home and abroad [19], Trade in wildlife resources in Vietnam is of considerable value. This park is a well-known nature reserve in Ha Tinh Province, North Central Coast of Vietnam. It includes 1000 endemic species. Renew their horns every year! [20][18][19] Specifically the faunal species which are endemic to Vietnam are the following. A safe life in freedom is not possible for many animals, such as the world's most trafficked mammals: pangolins. Visitors traversing one of many trails and footpaths can get a glimpse of animals like Chinese pangolins, langurs, slow loris, macaques monkeys, and 43 species of reptiles. Where to find them: All through South and Southeast Asia. Unfortunately, habitat loss and poaching are serious problems—not to mention the use of endangered animals for traditional medicines. With coastlines, swampy river deltas, various types of tropical rainforests, caves and lush mountain ranges, Vietnam is fortunate when it comes to biodiversity. We currently track 142 animals in Vietnam and are adding more every day! Fish fauna and crustaceans are proliferating and birds are seen more frequently. Some of the well known herbal species are: ginseng, Coscinium fenestratum, Coptis teeta, Panax vietnamensis, Stephania spp.[20]. Their ridge is common among mutts in Vietnam, but there are only 700 purebred Phu Quoc Ridgeback dogs registered to the Vietnam Kennel Club. Because of their unique coloring and docility, they are popular as pets, and many are captured and sold through black markets. The animals displayed on this page are grouped in their scientific order. Animals in the Open Areas Where the cave ceiling has collapsed, life has flourished within Son Doong’s massive expanse. [18] According to the Conservation International List Vietnam is identified as the fifth biodiversity hot spot in the world, on account of its exotic flora and fauna. [3] There are about 889 species of birds[4] and over 850 species of land mollusks[5]. Unfortunately, this makes them easy targets for hunters and poachers. The black breasted leaf turtle, cobras, Asian bears and tigers are just some of the types of animals native to Vietnam. Asian Elephant. The government has also prioritized conservation measures, so they are taking steps in the right direction. Vietnam is ranked 16th in the world according to biological diversity and is home to approximately 16% of the world’s species. There are two different ones, ox and rabbit in the Chinese zodiac become a buffalo and cat in Vietnamese one. Logging operations have been banned. The Indochinese tiger is the 2nd most common species of tiger. The protrusion serves no evident purpose, and scientists believe it likely grew as a result of sexual selection. This cute creature has big eyes and it crawls along at a meager pace, hunting at night for insects, fruits, sap, and nectar. Wild game in the central highlands includes elephants and tapirs; Sumatran rhinoceroses, believed to have become extinct by the 1960s, were sighted in the 1990s. Vietnam is home to many kinds of frogs, but this one—also called the Theloderma Corticale—looks the strangest because of the texture of its skin. First evolved 100 million years ago! Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizards are also reported. There are Burmese Pythons in Vietnam. The park contains a biodiversity of many rare species, including Saola and Giant Muntjac - which are listed in the World's Red Book and can only be found in Vietnam. These are broadly: Indian elephants, bears (black bear and honey bear), Indochinese tigers and Indochinese leopards as well as smaller animals like monkeys (such as snub-nosed monkey), bats, flying squirrels, turtles and otters. Savor a home-cooked lunch at Viet Hai village before visiting Lan Ha Bay and a floating fishing village. Most are considered endangered. For lack of a better phrase, Water Buffaloes are the workhorses of Vietnam. Asian Giant Hornet. The venom is a … Thankfully, they’re afraid of people so they tend to keep their distance, sticking near water to feast on small mammals and birds. Considered as one of the world biological diversification centers, the flora estimated is of the order of 12,000 species (veined flora) of which 9,628 have been recorded under 291 families. The country was once totally covered with forests but over the years due to the war and deforestation and anthropological pressures some areas have lost their biodiversity value. Faunal species noted are accounted as 11,217 species of animals, in Vietnam's hot and humid climate. The largest wasp in … These large monitor lizards live near water and can grow up to two meters long. There are also 2,470 species of fish, more than 23,000 species of corals and many species of invertebrates recorded in the wildlife of Vietnam. Vietnam’s forests are inhabited by many large mammals, including elephants, deer, bears, tigers, and leopards. Eight of the ten large mammals found in the last fifteen years have been found in Vietnam including the fishing cat, oxen, the Vietnamese rhino. Insects are also a valuable source of trade with Coleopterus and Lepidoptera species contributing towards a major share. Most of them are in reserves, or in sanctuaries. 3) Honey Bear Also known as the sun bear, these animals are classified as vulnerable, but not endangered. You can try to look more for native animals in Vietnam, there are many. Lying in the ecozone of Indomalaya, as a country with the incredibly high level of biological diversity, Vietnam is a perfect place for biological and ecological researchers. Domesticated for hundreds of years! It’s one of only three breeds in the world known to have a ridge of fur along its spine that runs opposite to the rest of its hair—the Rhodesian Ridgeback and Thai Ridgeback being the other two. These bears are also known as “Honey Bears” because the sweet, sticky goo makes up a large part of their diet. These colorful primates get their name from the Vietnamese word for torch: đuốc. Smaller animals, such as monkeys, hares, squirrels, and otters, are also found in considerable numbers throughout the country. The conservation efforts are showing positive results with wildlife becoming re-established in many reforested areas. Almost 16.000 species of plants are found in Vietnam. The reasons adduced to this situation are; the Vietnam war, deforestation, hunting, export of animals under CITES agreement which is generally violated by illegal activity due to inadequate patrolling. Pangolins, tigers, lemurs, and gibbons are just some of the animals that are native to Vietnam. Vietnam's hot, moist climate is home to elephants, bears, tigers and leopards as well as some smaller animals like monkeys, squirrels, and otters. Some of these animals include, monkeys, elephants, bats, flying squirrels, leopards, tigers, and bear. But, there are 30 national parks, as well as four UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Con Dao bow-fingered gecko; Boulenger’s scaly-legged gecko, Sokolov’s glass lizard, red-tailed ground skink. These species include 15,986 varieties of flora, 10% of which are endemic to the country, 310 mammals, 840 birds, 260 reptiles, 120 amphibians and 7,750 types of insects. Their ridge is common among mutts in Vietnam, but there are only 700 purebred Phu Quoc Ridgeback dogs registered to the Vietnam Kennel Club. The most common domesticated animals in Vietnam are water buffalo, cattle, dogs, cats, pigs, goats, ducks, and chickens. [6] Illegal trade in wild life is flourishing in Vietnam as there is great demand for these animals in China and also within the country. Acanthocephalus parallelcementglandatus.tif 1,047 × 1,689; 373 KB Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) The Indochinese tiger is also known as the Corbett's tiger. They’re abundant in Northern Vietnam, on jungle cliffs and in caves, but they’ll still be difficult to spot because of their camouflaging. [17] The floral richness of the rain forest habitats comprise a broad range of evergreens. That is a scary thought. It is found in southern Asia, China, western Indonesia, parts of India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. Ant. Specifically the faunal species which are endemic to Vietnam are the following. Faunal species noted are accounted as 11,217 species of animals, in Vietnam's hot and humid climate. 1. Animals only found in Vietnam . Vietnam has 12 species of mammals, 7 species of birds, 45 species of reptiles, 58 species of amphibian species, 80 species of freshwater fishes 7 species of saltwater fishes. Where to find them: The mountain forests of Northern Vietnam, near the Chinese border. For many children, caring for the water buffalo is their responsibility. [22], Vietnam's fauna of non-marine molluscs comprises various species of freshwater gastropods, freshwater bivalves and terrestrial gastropods. One author has described the peace as more dangerous than the war for wild animals. The country lies on the east Asian flyway of Siberian birds and is an important stopover for migratory waders. Vietnam is placed 16th highest among 152 countries studied in terms of the proportion of its wildlife species found to be in danger. Antelope. These are broadly: Indian elephants, bears (black bear and honey bear), Indochinese tigers and Indochinese leopards as well as smaller animals like monkeys (such as snub-nosed monkey), bats, flying squirrels, turtles and otters. The Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros used to live throughout the region of Vietnam but was declared extinct in 2010 when the last remaining individual as found dead with the horn removed. There are 45 reptile species endemic to Vietnam, includingDalat dwarf snake; Vietnam water snake; Vietnam worm snake. Vietnam. Vietnam is one of the most biodiverse countries on earth, with a huge variety of distinctive and fascinating wildlife. They’re canopy dwellers, so you might have to strain your neck to find them high up in the jungles of central Vietnam. Many animals are native to Vietnam. In respect of faunal species, trade varies between 3,700 and 4,500 tons; the use of faunal species are also for medical purposes, pets, and as food and ornamentation but excludes trade in aquatic species. The Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey are some of the primates you will see in Vietnam. Photo: vnforum/Le Minh. Their numbers are minuscule in Vietnam, however. The cavern’s exposed passages are filled with many of the same plants and animals that inhabit the surrounding jungle. Medicinal plants are also harvested and its trade is of the order of 20,000 tons. It’s hard to escape the beaten path in Halong Bay—but you can do it on this guided trek through Cat Ba National Park. [19] The largest species was the gum tree. There are over 840 bird species and more than 310 mammal species recorded in Vietnam, some of these can only be found in this country. The largest of the national parks initially covered were the Cuc Phuong National Park, the Cat Tien National Park, the Con Dao National Park and Con Dao National Park, which to start with, were forest areas cum reserves or prohibited areas. The slow loris is an omnivore forager, and one of three loris species. Since they aren’t on the endangered species list, people often hunt them to make fashion accessories out of their skin. 12 animals in Chinese vs Vietnamese zodiac signs and their order. The water buffalo originated in South East Asia, and plays an important role in Vietnamese culture. [5], The protected areas in Vietnam have suffered a decline over the past several decades. Rainforest in the hilly region has wild rhododendrons in the northwest along with dwarf bamboos and numerous types of orchids. In Vietnam alone, there are approximately three million Water Buffaloes. However, a study by the WWF has reported that nearly 10% of the wildlife in the country is threatened with extinction. Natural forests are at higher elevations in the northwest and mangrove swamps are in the coastal areas. Con costas, deltas pantanosas de ríos, varios tipos de tropicales bosques lluviosos, cuevas y montañas exuberantes, Vietnam es afortunado en lo que respecta a la biodiversidad. Between 1997 and 2007, almost 1000 new species have been discovered. Vietnam 's native animals such as the saola, pot-bellied pig, cobras, macaque, and saltwater crocodile. Where to find them: Most of South and Southeast Asia. AC - important if you know how hot Vietnam can be) from/to: Danang airport to Hoian, Hoi An to marble mountain to Danang, Danang - Bana hill - Hai van pass - Lang co & lap an lagoon - … They live in groups of up to 600 members, splitting up into smaller groups during winter. While sightings are rare, Ba Be National Park also houses the Tonkin snub-nosed monkey as … While some are wild, Water Buffalo are for the most part, working animals in Vietnam. To catch a glance of these monkeys, you’ll need to head up into the northern mountains of Vietnam. Vietnam is a place where many unique animals call home. The central dry region has pines and the river deltas have mangrove forests. Timber plants are 100 species. Larger species like the Indochinese tiger, moon bear, and Asian elephant often take center stage thanks to their size and prominence around the world, but Vietnam is also home to a host of native species that are found only within its borders. Look out for deer, snakes, native cats, squirrels, and just possibly the endangered langur as you hike to Frog Lake. Rare and endemic antelope-like animal, categorized under the bovine subfamily, was found in 1992, in Bạch Mã National Park. Burmese Python - Watery Constrictor from South Asia The largest subspecies of Indian python, and one of the 6 largest snakes in the world, the Burmese python has an average length of 12 feet (3.7 meters), but has been found at lengths of up to 19 feet (5.8 meters) and of course there have been many exaggerated claims. Water buffaloes weigh over 1,000 kilos The water buffalo has a dull gray coat, with hair that is short and stiff. Stay with us and learn about flora and fauna of this country through our ten facts about wildlife in Vietnam. [3], Continuous conservation efforts by the Government of Vietnam have brought more and more areas under protected status. For the animal kingdom in particular the illegal wildlife trade represents a serious threat. [1], The national parks and reserves, as per present status, (as reported by the national parks of Vietnam) conforming to the topography of the country which cover terrestrial, deltas of rivers, and coastal zones are:[7][8] Five national parks and four reserves in the Mekong Delta;[9] two national parks in the northeastern area;[10] five reserves in the north western area;[11] three parks in the Red River Delta;[12] two parks and one reserve in the North Central Coastal area;[13] two reserves in South Central Coastal area;[14] three parks and one reserve in Central Highlands;[15] one park and one reserve in south eastern area.[16]. There are several species of cobra snakes in Vietnam. [19], List of amphibians of Hoàng Liên National Park, "Report on the Review of Vietnam's Wildlife Trade Policy", "Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World Vietnam", "Vietnam: Wildlife Sanctuaries & National Parks", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Mekong Delta", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Eastern Area", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Western Area", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Red River Delta", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in North Centre Coast", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in South Centre Coast", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in Centre Highlands", "National Parks & Nature Reserves in South Eastern Area", "Conservation and Management of Wildlife In Vietnam", Council for National Defense and Security, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wildlife_of_Vietnam&oldid=983873006, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 19:16. However, many areas still remain to be explored, and more species are likely to appear in the future. Where to find them: Any rural area in Vietnam. While many variety of animals have become e… Where to find them: Some have been sold to mainland Vietnam, but most are on Phú Quốc Island. Here are 11 animals you’ve got to check out while you’re in Vietnam. Their powerful tails make them great swimmers, but they also use them to whip threats. 12 animals of Vietnamese and Chinese zodiac signs are nearly the same. Instantly recognized by their 'hood', the King Cobra colors vary from black or tan to olive green. This species of tiger used to be thought as a Malayan tiger. They are territorial and will use their wide vocal range to scare off anything they consider a threat. Where to find them: Throughout Vietnam, but probably a better chance to see them in a zoo. We and our partners use cookies to better understand your needs, improve performance and provide you with personalised content and advertisements. In a region with many endemic species, Vietnam’s fauna holds its own array of endangered creatures. The wildlife of Vietnam is rich in flora and fauna as reflected by its unique biodiversity. They get to the sap in trees by drilling a hole in the bark with their sharp teeth. Birds, monkeys and snakes have been spotted by explorers in the cave. [1], The rich diversity of Vietnam’s wildlife includes 11,400 species of vascular plants, 1030 species of moss, 310 species of mammals, 296 reptile species, 162 amphibian species, 700 freshwater species of fish and 2000 species of marine fish. It’s one of only three breeds in the world known to have a ridge of fur along its spine that runs opposite to the rest of its hair—the Rhodesian Ridgeback and Thai Ridgeback being the other two. 12 zodiac animals in Vietnam. Whatever the casque is for, the Great Hornbill is a bird you’ll have no trouble recognizing. Vietnam Facts Vietnam Animals. Farmers in rural Vietnam use them for cultivating the rice paddies and you will often see them at the side of the road if you are driving through the countryside. The globally threatened species are listed under the following three categories, excluding vulnerable category. They till the rice paddies and haul carts of supplies in rural areas—deeply entrenched in Vietnamese folklore and tradition. The Annamites range, a rugged mountain chain on the border of Vietnam and Laos, harbors some of the world’s most threatened and least-known mammal species. As a result of conservation efforts, Siamese crocodile numbers have recovered on account of their reintroduction to ponds within the parks. Despite the nature conservation laws, Vietnam's biodiversity has suffered greatly in recent decades. It is the species that lives in Vietnam. Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizardsare also reported. In the 1990s, three other large mammal species, the deer-like Truong Son muntjac, giant muntjac and Pu Hoat muntjac, were also discovered, the first two in the same park. Mammals found only in Vietnam include the Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey (), Delacour's Langur (), the Cat Ba Langur (), the Silver-backed Chevrotain (), the Puhoat Muntjac (), the Cuc Phuong Ferret Badger (), the Sa Pa Shrew (), Varenne's Water Shrew Chimarrogale varennei (ResearchGate), the Small-toothed Mole (ResearchGate), Suntsov's Marmoset Rat (Species New to Science), the Hon … Smaller than their African relatives, Indian Elephants are found throughout South and Southeast Asia. When you find one, though, there will be others nearby, as they live in groups of 4-15. Media in category "Animals of Vietnam" The following 64 files are in this category, out of 64 total. They have even been caught in Ho Chi Minh City, lurking around the canals and rivers in search of rodents, fish, crabs, and birds to eat. Laws were enacted to set up Xuân Thủy Wetland National Park, four UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, and Hạ Long Bay and Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng National Parks; the last two are also designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. But don’t mistake their size for docility, because they’re known to react violently when surprised. [22] The terrestrial gastropod fauna is highly diverse and includes more than 850 described land snail and slug species; many species inhabit limestone karst hills. This rare dog breed is native to Phú Quốc, an island off the southern coast near Cambodia. [20], Rare and little known birds have been identified such as the Edward’s pheasant which was believed to be extinct, the white-winged wood duck and the white-shouldered ibis. King cobras are fast and extremely agile and usually prey upon other snakes and rodents. Information about the animals living in Vietnam is brought to you by "List of countries of the world", your first stop in discovering all countries and animals of the world. Vietnam is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world. When they’re threatened, they freeze, which is adorable. Where to find them: Central Highlands, from Pleiku in the South, to Vinh in the North. Here are 11 fun facts about this majestic animal. Vietnamese Animals. With a large casque on its beak, the Great Hornbill is one weird-looking bird. Mangrove forest areas are on the rise due to renewed planting. Reptiles such as crocodiles, snakes and lizards can be found that prosper in Vietnam. They have a distinctive crescent patch on their chests, and they are one of the smallest bears in the world, measuring just 120-150cm (47-59 in) in length. 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