AIM Editor May 30, 2017 Questions & Answers 8,846 Views. In June Sistani called on Iraqis to join the fight against the militant group and pushed for the replacement of Prime Minister Nūrī al-Mālikī and his government. Sistani played a key role in the political proceedings that followed the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, and, although he preferred to give the impression that he did not mix religion and politics, he proved to be an important participant in the planning for Iraq’s first democratic government. He is the most influential person in Iraq, and he also has a large following around the … From the Council on Foreign Relations, January 16, 2003. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? Living in Najaf, a holy city and burial place haunted by Shiite passion for martyrdom, he has emerged as a leader through quiet rationalism. Although born in Iran, he is no fan of Khamenei and other hardliners in Tehran, preferring the likes of President Hassan Rouhani . Answer: It is better not to, and its preferable to choose another animal as a pet, as a dog is ritually impure (Najis) according to Islamic law, and thus it would cause one to live with considerable difficulty.It's also been mentioned that prayers in a place with a dog around is abominable (Makrooh). Biography of Ayatollah Sayed Ali Sistani English. Sayyid Ali Husayni al-Sistani (born 4 August 1930), also known as Ayatollah Sistani or al-Sistani, is one of the most powerful and influential Iranian Twelver Shia marja in Iraq and the head of many of the hawzahs (seminaries) in Najaf. Thousands quickly joined the armed forces, and Mālikī resigned in August. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini became the supreme religious leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, following many years of resistance to Shah Pahlavi. Großajatollah Ali as-Sistani (persisch سیدعلی حسینی سیستانی, DMG Seyyed-ʿAlī Ḥosainī Sīstānī; arabisch علي الحسيني السيستاني, DMG ʿAlī al-Ḥusainī as-Sīsitānī; * ungefähr 4. Ayatollah Sistani is one of the top living scholars of Shia Islam. He held a traditional ‘quietist’ philosophy rather than the ideology of clerical leadership in policy making as promulgated by Ruhollah Khomeini. In some cases his credibility outweighed that of not only U.S. and United Nations diplomatic envoys but even the interim government of Prime Minister Ayād ʿAllāwī: his strong and moderating influence among the Iraqi populace as a whole earned him the respect of U.S. diplomats and Iraqi leaders, who deferred to many of his wishes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Here’s a look at the life of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Iraq’s most influential Shiite cleric.. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? In Al-Najaf, Sistani was devoted to ensuring power for a Shiʿi majority in his adopted country, which had been led by a Sunni minority for centuries. The destruction of the Iraqi state by the 2003 US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq resulted in the rise of the Shiite clerics in Iraq, in particular, the most senior cleric in Iraq’s Najaf city Ayatollah Ali Sistani who has emerged as a … Born to a prominent religious family, Sistani studied the Qurʾān from a young age. The Supreme Leader of Iran is currently Ayatollah Ali Khamanei. His Eminence Sayyid al-Sistani was born on the ninth of Rabi al-Awwal in 1349 AH in the Holy City of Mashhad in Iran. Mr Sistani champions the separation of mosque and state. The reclusive, Iranian-born wields great influence over Iraq’s future. Ayatollah Sistani then began to perform the prayers at the niche of Ayatollah Khou’i, and started studying in his school. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Corrections? Updates? Al-Sistani is profiled in Anthony Shadid's February 1, 2004, Washington Post article "Call of History Draws Iraqi Cleric to the Political Fore." What is the ruling on abortion for a pregnant woman who is infected with AIDS? After Ayatollah al-Khoei's demise on Safar 8, 1413/August 8, 1992, Ayatollah al-Sistani took over the … Ali Husseini al-Sistani (en arabe : السيد علي الحسيني السيستاني, en persan : سید علی حسینی سیستانی) est un ayatollah iranien né le 4 août 1930 à Mashhad, en Iran. Currently there are a number of Ayatollahs. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ali-al-Sistani, Council on Foreign Relations - Biography of Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, Official Site of Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Husseini Al-Sistani. In his late eighties, Mr Al Sistani is the main religious authority, or marjaa -- reference -- among Iraq’s majority Shiites, having moved to Najaf from Iran in the 1950s. The only man who can save Iraq is Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani. Grand Ayatollah al-Sistani "was born in Mashhad, a city in northwest Iran that is home to the country's most sacred Shiite shrine.". His asceticism is apparent from his food, clothing, and residence. to Sistani’s tolerance and respect for the freedom of thought and debate, Najaf, as a religious center, is wit-nessing the most tolerant era in its entire history. Later on, he wrote a commentary on the Resaalah of Ayatullah Khu’i. Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani is the prime marja, or spiritual reference, for Shia Muslims everywhere. This means the reclusive, Iranian-born 73-year-old wields a tremendous degree of influence over the nation's future. He is the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, where the population is about 60 percent Shiite. Biography of Ayatollah Sayed Ali Sistani English. Shiite factions close to Sistani move to separate from Iran-backed militias. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. By Track Persia. He is the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, a nation that is about 60 percent Shiite. Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani Early Life. He is the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, where the population is about 60 percent Shiite. His Eminence Sayyid Sistani receives a visit from Iranian President Dr. Hassan Rouhani; General Guidelines from the Supreme Religious Authority for Lecturers and Preachers during Muharram 1438 A.H. Militiamen loyal to Iraqi cleric Muqtada al-Sadr battle US forces for control of the area. Rather than continue to endure being ignored, Sistani announced his withdrawal from the political scene. Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, born 4 August 1930, the most important Shiite cleric in Iraq, where the population is about 60 percent Shiite. Who is the Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani? Mr Sistani champions the separation of mosque and state. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. He is described as the spiritual leader of Iraqi Shia Muslims and one of the most senior clerics in Shia Islam. Shortly after Khoei’s death in 1992, Sistani achieved the status of marjaʿ al-taqlīd (Arabic: “model of emulation”), the highest level of excellence in Twelver Shiʿism (the main body of Shiʿi Muslims). In his early 20s he left Iran to continue his studies in Iraq, becoming a disciple of Grand Ayatollah Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei in Al-Najaf. Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi resigned later that month, and the parliament passed an electoral reform in December. Inquiries regarding fasting the holy month of Ramadan with the spread of the Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), Questions about Preparing the Bodies of Those Deceased From CoronaVirus (COVID-19), Rulings Regarding the Efforts of Medical Professionals Caring for Coronavirus Patients (COVID 19), Questions from BBC about some inappropriate practices, and the responses to them, His Eminence Sayyid Sistani receives a visit from Iranian President Dr. Hassan Rouhani. His control of the Revolutionary Guard guarantees that the religious clerics have authority over the civil government. Deeply religious man who rarely left his own house, or said a word. New year with a Britannica Membership and other hardliners in Tehran, preferring the likes of Hassan... Mass media, this is quite phenomenal Sistani ’ s future to endure being ignored Sistani. Later on, he says, not rule the Council on Foreign Relations ^ | 12-5-03 | Otterman. 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